Genesis 4:19, 20 and 21
Genesis 4:19 “And Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah.”
This had to be the beginning of this knuckle-walker’s woes, if these characters were real. Regardless, this is the first instance where actual female names are brought up since Eve, generations ago.
Wife number one, ‘Adah,’ in Hebrew is עדה, ada, which means ‘to adorn oneself.’ This definition has the vowel points in and around the letters of the word that match two Old Testament Hebrew-to-English translations. Vanity, thy name is woman. The gematria of Adah sums to 79, which takes the Literal Qabalist down a very significant and interesting path of esoterica. For one, 79 is the number of דלילה, Delilah, Samson’s dark lady and nemesis. Added to that at 79 is בעז, boaz, ‘Boaz, the Pillar of Strength,’ the left one of two pillars on the porch of Solomon’s Temple and on the High Priestess Tarot key (as we look at them), but most indicative of the 'Pillar of Severity' on the Tree of Life. The Tree of Life is the crux of the entire description of this genealogy of Adam’s two sons. As we follow the line of Cain it is describing in a most concealed manner the path of outward creation on the left side of the Tree; the column with the spheres Binah, Geburah and Hod. Much more on this idea when the line of Seth is investigated.
Wife number two, ‘Zillah’ in Hebrew is צלה, tzlah, which has several suggestions toward the character, or more exactly another branch of Lamech’s root. As a noun tzlah means ‘shadow.’ As an adjective, ‘shadowy, dark,’ and as a verb, ‘to grill, to broil.’ The temurah of צלה, calls up the letters ה כ צ, which sum to 115. This matches סנה, senna, ‘bramble,’ or a ‘thorny-type bush.’
Poor Lamech, the ‘clumsy, good for nothing lummox,’ takes on these two women whose branch qualities imply sinister nuance. However, we have to remember that with Qabalistic literature the women characters are hinting modes or aspects of the sub-conscious counterpart of male self-consciousness. Lamech is one person with a sort of psychological schizophrenic propensity. Lamech is ‘impoverished’ of spirit following a genealogy of causes and effects which turned away from the voice of conscience in pursuit of a life unaware of his being inherently connected with all of nature. He, we collectively, given our global history, are doing exactly the same. In our ‘schizophrenic pursuit of happiness’ on this physical plane we are unconsciously performing stupid strife that is killing our environment and ourselves along with it. We are killing nature, our most intimate Ally. The progeny of Lamech with these two women is the way we are doing this. From here on, the branches of Adah and Zillah (Vainity and Prickly personified), because the two are personified as women and wives, are also personifications of sub-conscious causes and effects. Adah is the root of Jabel’s branch.
Genesis 4:20 “And Adah gave birth to Jabel; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.”
There does not seem to be any hidden messages to be gleaned from verse 20 that I can find. The surface meaning is clear enough. The meaning of the word Jabel יבל, ybl, means ‘to break through, come forth, run, flow,’ as a spring or creek. But also ‘to bring, to lead.’ The word sums to 42 as does חלד, chelad, ‘transient; glides swiftly.’ Adah personifies sub-conscious urges. Played out here they represent our early nomadic tendencies to herd sheep, cattle, camels and other livestock and to roam various countries of the world living in temporary shelters. The logical consequence of herding and sheltering through the ages is the control of food sources and land to please our sub-conscious needs for security; Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, if you will.
Genesis 4:21 “And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.”
Jubal, now, hints some ideas that also helps with understanding brother Jabel. Because Jubal in Hebrew is יובל, yuval, as a name, but also means ‘river or creek,’ like his brother’s name. With different vowel points, yovel, means ‘ram’s horn,’ and is also the root of ‘jubilee.’ In researching כנור, knor, typically translated as ‘harp or lyre’ in authorized versions turns into the modern ‘violin’ and suggests all stringed type instruments. And עוגב, ugav, mostly translated as ‘pipe or flute’ is now the modern ‘organ.’ These hints can be considered the primitive roots of our entire entertainment industry collectively.
As branches of Adah’s root suggests the need for self-embellishment, Jabel and Jubal are ‘rivers or streams’ subsequent to such need. Mankind (that is, all of us), personified as these characters has learned to parcel off areas and guard them separate from others to protect future supply, and to celebrate accomplishments.